New York Central J-3a 4-6-4 #5446 at Chicago Illinois, Art in Motion..

KCJones

Hudson was the name given to the 4-6-4 steam locomotive wheel arrangement by the New York Central Railroad (NYC), the first railroad to use this locomotive type in North America. Their road numbers were from 5200 to 5474. The J1 road numbers were 5200-5404, the J2 road numbers were 5405-5424, and the J3 road numbers were 5425-5474. They were famously known for hauling the New York Central’s crack passenger trains and the 20th Century Limited.
The Hudson came into being because the existing 4-6-2 Pacific power was not able to keep up with the demands of longer, heavier trains and higher speeds. Given NYC’s axle load limits, Pacific could not be made any larger; a new locomotive type would be required to carry the larger boilers. Lima Locomotive Works’ conception of superpower steam as realized in the 2-8-4 Berkshire type was the predecessor to the Hudson. The 2-8-4’s 4-wheel trailing…

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